The Palazzo Italia in Milan is built from cement that absorbs pollution. When in direct sunlight it captures pollutants from the air and turns them into inert salts that wash off in the rain. 80 percent of this air-purifying cement is made from recycled materials, such as unused Carrara marble. The Palazzo Italia will also be fitted with a photovoltaic glass rooftop to generate solar energy during the day. Manufacturers say it has the potential to cut air pollution by 75 per cent.